There have been plenty of emperors since Bimbisar, a contemporary of Gautam Buddha, who formed the first empire in the subcontinent. So Akbar is not responsible for uniting India geographically. But Akbar’s contributions go far beyond that.
Akbar’s political contributions extend to politically uniting different existing kingdoms under one umbrella. The Rajput kingdoms under Akbar’s Mughal empire were not merely tribute-contributing vassals. They were almost an integral part of the empire despite maintaining much of their freedom and often fought wars with the Mughal army under a common banner.
Akbar and his minister Todar Mal devised a land measurement and tax collection system that worked right till the end of British rule. In fact, any time that the British tried to impose their own system of tax collection, it had usually resulted in famines. Akbar’s system was resilient and unbreakable for centuries.
Modern India’s ideas of secularism is almost entirely…
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